Topic 1, Sub-Topic 1
In Progress

Classification of Warehousing by Logistics Branches

Classification of Warehousing by Logistics Branches

Classification of warehouses by logistics branches are based on storage facilities functions. It includes 3 types of warehouses: 

Procurement logistics warehouses. 

      • Products for manufacturing such as raw materials, components are stored here. These types of warehouses provide companies with materials to produce products. 

Manufacturing logistics warehouses. 

      • Products at the intermediate stage of production are stored here. Also, such warehouses supply necessary parts and tools. 

Distribution logistics warehouses. 

    • Here comes the production to distribute to end-users. 

Warehouse Classification by Participants in Logistics System

Manufacturers’ warehouses. 

      • These facilities take part in the technological process of creating ready-to-use products from raw materials. 

Trading companies’ warehouses. 

      • Here goods for selling are stored. That’s where products begin the way to consumers. 

Carriers’ warehouses. 

      • Transportation companies pick up goods from warehouses, and take them to the next point then. There may be several destinations, and freights must be stored somewhere. 

Forwarders’ warehouses. 

      • Forwarding companies take over the work not only for freight transportation, but also for work organization. Thus, forwarders consolidate carriers and establish communication between shippers during transportation. 

3PLs’ warehouses. 

    • Logistics providers completely manage supply chains. They transport commodities, handle custom clearance, store goods, deliver them to end-users, etc. 

Warehouse Classification By Form Of Property


      • Warehouses a company bought. 


      • It’s about warehouses, where companies order storage services from 3PLs’, for example. In fact, they use third party space. 


      • Warehouses a company rents from a landlord. 

State and municipal. 

    • Warehouses used for governmental purposes.

Classification By Warehouses Functions

  • For long-term storage. 
      • This is where emergency supplies are kept. 
  • For goods transhipment. 
      • Its warehouses to store freights until loading and unloading. As a rule, they are located near highways, maritime terminals, or airports. 
  • For goods distribution. 
      • Here commodities from manufacturers are transformed into a trade assortment. Distribution centres workers take products to store, pick orders for retail, manage stocks, etc. 
  • For seasonal storage. 
      • Goods that are sold at the certain times of the year. For example, customers buy umbrellas more often in autumn, when it rains. It’s so called buffer storage facilities. Moreover, agricultural domains use this type of warehouses often. 
  • For custom clearance. 
    • Its warehouses where goods imported to a country of sale are stored. Commodities are there until custom clearance is completed.

Classification By The Types Of Products

There are different types of goods are stored in warehouses. In which case we can divide facilities into such types:

  • Warehouses of raw materials
  • Warehouses of fabric. 
  • Warehouses of components.
  • Warehouses for work-in-progress.
  • Warehouses for finished/ready to use products
  • Warehouses of packing materials.
  • Warehouses of disposed products.
  • Warehouses of equipment.

Classification By Storage Conditions

  • Unheated. You can’t regulate the inner temperature here. It changes with the seasons. 
  • Heated. These are warehouses where it is possible to maintain freezing temperatures all year round. For this, special equipment is used. 
  • Cold. These are warehouses for storing food at sub-zero temperatures. Cold warehouses can be refrigerated or frozen. The first type allows you to store products chilled, the second to completely freeze them. 
  • Multi-temperature. These are warehouses with several areas to store goods in different temperature conditions. In addition, in such premises, you can independently adjust the temperature indicators. 

Classification By Degree of Mechanization

  • Non-mechanized. In such warehouses, all the work is done manually. Sometimes a minimum amount of equipment may be used, such as hand trucks. 
  • Mechanized. These are warehouses where employees perform part of the operations manually, and for part of them special equipment is used. For example, forklifts. 
  • Automated. These are warehouses where most of the processes are performed by specialized equipment without human intervention. Conveyor belts, stacker cranes are installed here. Warehouse staff do the minimum part of the work. For example, they check documents or pick goods.
  • Self-operative. Robots and IT systems carry all operations in these warehouses.

Classification By Technical Characteristics

According to this classification, warehouses are divided into 3 types: 

  • Open. These are the premises where products are stored in the yard. There are no roofs here.  
  • With a canopy. In such warehouses, cargo is protected from the negative impact of weather conditions by special awnings. 
  • Closed. This is the most common type of warehouse. The premise provides complete product protection with a roof.  Closed warehouses have several subtypes: 
    • With one floor
    • With several floors.
  • In addition, ceiling heights play an important role in this classification. Low warehouses are premises with a height of up to 6 meters. High warehouses are from 10 meters. Such a warehouse can be equipped with multi-level shelving.

Classification By Membership In Material Flows

This classification reflects the number of warehouse users: 

  • Closed. These are premises where goods of only one company are stored. 
  • Open. There products from several companies are stored.

Classification By Transport Infrastructure

In this classification, there are 4 types of warehouses: 

  • With maritime terminals. These are warehouses for shipping from water transport. 
  • With a railway line. 
  • Accessible via a motorway. 
  • Complex. Includes characteristics of the other three types. 

A well-developed infrastructure is an important characteristic of a warehouse, since most of the costs are for transportation.

Classification by Classes

  • Class A+ is a modernized warehouse. It has 1 floor. To build such a warehouse, special insulating materials are used, usually sandwich panels. They are fireproof and retain heat well. Class A + warehouses have special equipment (CCTV monitoring, ventilation, fire extinguishing systems, etc.), the territory is ennobled; 24-hour security is in place. Class A + warehouses have the ceiling height not less than 13 meters, the concrete anti-dust floor can withstand a load of 5 tons per square meter. 
  • Class A is practically not inferior to class A + warehouses in terms of characteristics. The difference is in the technical parameters. In class A warehouses, the minimum ceiling height requirements are from 10 meters. In addition, there are fewer dock-type gates, which makes loading/unloading a little more difficult. 
  • Class B+ Such warehouses can only be built or reconstructed. The main difference from the previous classes is the height of the ceilings. The minimum requirements for it are 8 meters. 
  • Class B is a warehouse that can have 1 or more floors. In the second case, the room must be equipped with freight lifts. The minimum ceiling height is 6 meters. In addition, these buildings do not have special requirements for technical characteristics and additional communications. 
  • Class C are reconstructed warehouses that were previously used as a production facility or hangar. The minimum requirements for this class are ceilings from 4 meters and a concrete coating. 
  • Class D stands for non-core premises that were converted into a warehouse. The level of amenities is minimal. There are no specific performance requirements.