Topic 1, Sub-Topic 1
In Progress

Equipment Selection Strategies

Equipment Selection Strategies

  • Technical Specifications like
    • Load factor;
    • Lift height;
    • Special attachments;
    • Fuel type;
    • Battery;
    • After sales back up.
  • Purpose for which the equipment is being bought, e.g. indoor or outdoor loading or racking;
  • Flexibility of use
  • Goods to be moved;
  • Service and maintenance issues
  • Equipment compatibility
  • Life cycle rating, i.e. it is essential to link the life span cost of the equipment to revenue life;
  • Reliability and durability;
  • Fuel type, cost and consumption rates;
  • Safety and environmental consideration, e.g. pollution, etc.;
  • Software compatibility with warehouse management systems;
  • Funding options.

Learning Activities

Read the case below and answer the related questions.

  • TORO’s goods are safely moved by driverless trucks from Toyota
  • Since 1946, TORO has developed a broad portfolio of food products such as soups, sauces, oven dishes, baking mixes and chilled ready meals. TORO has its main factory in Arna, Bergen, where dried products are produced in a gentle way, preserving both taste and nutrients. Ever since the TORO factory was built in 1968, it has seen a continuous development. The company recently added 5 automated forklift trucks from Toyota to their existing fleet. The AGV’s will handle a large number of goods transports in order to increase their competitiveness. “We are amongst the first in the Orkla group in Norway and Sweden with automated forklift trucks on such a large scale,” says the TORO warehouse manager Öyvind Steinsland.

Learning Activities

Going from Manual to Automation

  • “We are constantly looking into possibilities for improvement to drive the factory forward,” says Steinsland, who has been working at the factory for 43 years. “How are goods packaged faster? How is food waste reduced? How can goods be moved smarter? These are just some of the topics that the factory is working on, and to the last question our long-term partner Toyota could answer us with their AGV’s.”
  • Over 30.000 transport missions that were previously carried out manually, are now carried out by automated trucks. “We can move goods in the factory much faster and cheaper than before. This strengthens our competitiveness,” says Steinsland. After 10 months of testing, 5 Autopilot stackers from Toyota are now used to transport waste, deliver material and goods to the packaging and transport finished goods back to the storage area.

Learning Activities

Safety is a Priority

  • The automated stacker trucks from Toyota are working side by side with manual trucks and/or operators walking around the area. Throughout the process, Steinsland and project leader Kjell-Inge Skare have cooperated closely with the Toyota team, emphasising that safety is key. “Extra safety sensors were fitted to the AGV’s and special safety sensors at the mezzanines where the high-lifting manual trucks are working,” Steinsland explains. The automated trucks have a maximum speed of 1,2 m/s and if the technology for any reason would not work, the forklifts can be driven manually. “Having the possibility of manual driving is also important to ensure that an error on the automated truck will not impact production,” says Steinsland.

Learning Activities

Only the beginning

  • “Here at the factory we have 450 different types of goods that need to be moved. Goods should be picked and returned to the warehouse, mixtures should be transported from intermediate storage to packaging and so on,” says Steinsland and continues, “this results in a high number of transport missions throughout the year at the factory. The plan is to utilise more automated trucks for these tasks in the future.”


  1. Identify the different material handling equipment used by Toro in their operations.
  2. Which other Material Handling equipment would you recommend for Toro?
  3. What measures have been put in place to ensure that safety is improved during operations?


  1. What benefits are associated with proper materials handling in a warehouse?
  2. Discuss the factors to consider in selecting materials handling equipment
  3. Your warehouse is in the process of upgrading from manual to automated material handling. 
    1. Provide a list and description of some materials handling equipment that should be procured to boost the operations of the warehouse.
    2. Which equipment selection strategies can be used for this exercise?