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Types of Packages

Types of Packages

  • Categorisation by Transport/Distribution
    A transport package or distribution package can be the shipping container used to ship, store, and handle the product or inner packages. Some identify a consumer package as one which is directed toward a consumer or household.
  • Categorisation by Type of Product
    • Packaging may be described in relation to the type of product being packaged: medical device packaging, bulk chemical packaging, over-the-counter drug packaging, retail food packaging, military material packaging, pharmaceutical packaging, etc.
  • Categorisation by Layer/Function
  • Primary packaging is the material that first envelops the product and holds it. 
  • Secondary packaging is outside the primary packaging, perhaps used to group primary packages together. 
  • Tertiary packaging is used for bulk handling, warehouse storage and transport shipping. The most common form is a palletised unit load that packs tightly into containers.


Traditional Packaging Techniques

  •  Baling
  • Bags
  • Metallic and plastic barrels
  • Wooden boxes/cases and metal lined cases
  • Glass containers
  • Cartons
  • Crates

New/Modern Packaging Techniques

  • Bulk liquid bags/containers

    • A bulk liquid bag can be used to accommodate various types of liquid cargo. When it is not in use, it can be folded to 2% of its volume. It costs about one sixth (1/6) of the price of the steel drum and one quarter (1/4) of the price of the tank container. Each bulk liquid bag can carry a volume of liquid cargo of about 210 litres.

    Shrink wrapping

    • This is very popular with air freight consignments whether conveyed by air or surface transport. This is a form of packing whereby goods are placed on a base usually a pallet and covered with a film of plastic. This packaging aids handling. It is a relatively cheap form of packaging particularly in relation to timber and fibre board cartons. It gives rigid protection to the cargo and it is widely used.